This disease is often develops at a young age. Even when the light of all the it leads to serious psychological problems: even devalued, constant feelings of shame and social isolation. Psoriasis is not a threat to the life, but has a great impact on the quality.
What is psoriasis, what are its causes, how it can be treated? It is very common dermatoses: the health statistics states that they suffer up to 5% to 7% of the population of the Earth. In recent years, the psoriasis became to be seen as a system diseases — psoriatic disease because the pathological process, in addition to the cover, are caught in the joints, the liver, and the kidneys.
Factors for the occurrence of psoriasis and its signs
The study of psoriasis, causes of its occurrence and to seek ways of treatment continue. Until, finally, we have identified the factors that led to the defeat of the skin. Experts emphasize the importance of the following points:
- major revitalization of the speed of cell division, leading to an exfoliation the top layer of the skin and the appearance of the concave plate;
- genetic predisposition;
- weakening the body's defenses (for example, after illness).
The main features of the disease constitute a kind of triad, which include:
- the formation of easy-radi scaly spots white-gray – the so-called phenomenon stearic the point;
- more scraping reveals the soft pink color the surface of the phenomenon of terminal film;
- the appearance of blood drops on the exposed surface, or the phenomenon of map bleeding.
As the disease is chronic, the question "How to cure psoriasis?" automatically switches to "How to translate it into a long remission?"
The treatment of psoriasis
Tools outdoor therapy
Local medicines that reduce inflammation, the bark and the degree of infiltration of the skin. This creams and ointments that contain the following components:
- salicylic acid;
Also apply glucocorticoids local media. The use of lotions appropriate in the process of treatment of psoriasis with the location of the scalp.
- In the stage of progression of the disease is assigned salicylic ointment or hormonal tools with anti-inflammatory action. First apply lighter – prednisolone, hydrocortisone. In the case of re-acute, great are the manifestations of the inflammatory process are their replacements stronger fluorinated drugs. The use of these medications quite effective: in 70% of cases, resulting in 14 days of application it is possible to achieve the total return of eruptions.
- There are already a few years, apply negalogenizirovanny glucocorticoid. Through the elimination of its composition of chlorine and fluorine substantially reduced the probability of occurrence of adverse reactions of the local and the character. Drugs are the basis of local drug treatment of psoriasis in elderly patients and children.
- Pronounced effect is achieved with the application of ointments and creams with dithranol. They are assigned in the increasing doses of short-or long-methodology and have an anti-inflammatory and antiproliferativo action. Its disadvantage is the likelihood of occurrence of adverse reactions in the form of an erythema, local swelling, or itching.
- Today for the treatment of psoriasis is applied a new medicine — psorcutan, has a direct impact on the factors of the pathogenetic nature, causing the development of the disease. Its active component is calcipotriol, which happens to have a reaction energetic receptors of keratinocytes and inhibits the process of division, has immunocorrecting and anti-inflammatory action. Studies show that by the end of the second month the condition of the skin improves, the number of eruptions greatly reduced or they disappear completely. An important point is the absence of side-effects like atrophy skin, as well as the durability of the results. Psorcutan applies to the treatment of tear of psoriasis, which is difficult to treat. In some cases, it is possible to achieve remission with a duration of up to one year. Efficiency of the tool is significantly increased when combined with techniques of physical therapy – PUVA - or SFT-irradiation.
The means must be periodically changed, since the result of getting used to their effectiveness decreases.
The treatment system
The basis of systemic therapy are aromatic retinoids (or synthetic derivatives of vitamin a). 20 years of experience of its application is the proof of the performance of these funds.
The treatment of psoriatic arthritis
The treatment of psoriatic arthritis is a task of two specialists: rheumatologist and dermatologist. The intention is to achieve a state of remission (partial or total). It should be noted that stop the progression of the disease and eliminate the symptoms is only possible through the use of medications. The attempt of some patients to get rid of the disease of non-conventional means do not lead to a positive result and may even cause the worsening and complications in the form of large changes in the tissues of the joints, spinal position, of some internal organs.
How you can cure this form of psoriasis? Are used medicines are divided into two categories:
- symptomatic, that are anti-inflammatory non-steroidal tools, and corticosteroids;
- basic drugs with anti-inflammatory action: sulfasalazine, methotrexate, leflunomide.
The application of the first group leads to a rapid emergence of a positive result. Symptoms such as pain and stiffness disappear after a few hours. However, these drugs are not able to stop the process of destruction of the joints.
The most effective treatment for this type of psoriasis it is possible to achieve through the application of the basis of medicines. The result of your action manifests itself slowly, but the development of psoriatic arthritis if, essentially, decreased or even suspended. The disadvantage of such medicines is that after a certain time the body gets used to it. We have to increase the dose that causes the development of side effects.
Excellent result can be obtained through the application of anti-cytokine (biological) therapy, thanks to which it is possible to stop the destruction of joints. Today, this method is considered more efficient.
A very important point is the timely beginning of treatment, when joints have not been subjected to a deformation, because this process is irreversible.
The treating Palmar-plantar psoriasis
That can cure the type of psoriasis, location on the palms of the hands and feet? This question is quite problematic because the traditional methods of therapy ineffective, which is due to the large degree of manifestations of pathological processes in the dermis and epidermis, and is also a factor of constant irritation and trauma of the skin of these areas, as a result of contact with clothing, frequent washing, and t. d.
- To the effectiveness of the treatment Palmar-plantar psoriasis, you should follow some rules:
- there is no baking and food, with a good taste;
- stop smoking;
- eliminate the alcoholic beverages;
- not washing the hands and feet in very hot water;
- use bags gloves in the base fabric for the warning of contact with aggressive household cleaning products;
- if the feet are formed to crack, it is recommended to use hydrocolloid drilling: when applied on the affected area it alert the irritation of friction, relieves itching, stimulates recovery of the skin.
- The goal PAtogenetMATIC therapy is the suppression of a reproduction process of keratinocytes, normalizing their development, the reduction of the inflammation.
- The Exterior treatment consists in the application of:
- emollients and moisturizers medicines that promote the removal of the horny layer of the skin (in most cases, the basis is the salicylic acid);
- derivatives of vitamin D;
- a retinoid.
- If it is not possible to get a positive result, advanced, applies the so-called PUVA therapy, in fact represents an irradiation of the affected areas of the ultraviolet rays with the use of psoralen (photoactive substance).
- When the inefficiency of other methods of treatment is assigned to a therapy system.
The treatment of psoriasis on the elbows
This is the type of pathology is treated in a comprehensive manner. This process is quite long, and includes:
- the compliance with a special diet;
- reception of vitamin of the complex;
- the topical treatment (ointments, creams, lotions);
- treatment physical therapy;
Treatment of lung forms of psoriasis on the elbows if you can limit the use of moisturizing means, through which it is possible to reduce the peeling, get rid of the inflammation and itching.
During the execution of a stage is used the full treatment:
- corticosteroid drugs local action;
- alternative methods of treatment of psoriasis (folk remedies).
The treatment of psoriasis of the nails
Nail form of psoriasis was described in the 19th century. Had already observed, which is isolated from one character, who later received his confirmation. The nails are affected in some forms of psoriasis (for example, vulgaris), however, the disease can develop independently.
How to treat psoriasis of the nails? The process is characterised by complexity and duration. The disease has a character recurring, and there may be waves. Essential requirement of therapy is to correct care of the nails and hands, the daily required the implementation of activities and the fulfillment of some rules:
- the nails should be briefly cut;
- avoid microtRAM;
- do not do manicure, pedicure, not to carry out other beauty treatments;
- during the execution of the work to put the bags of gloves.
For the treatment of psoriasis of the nails in a mild form of medications do not apply. You can limit the drawing on the card of treatment of varnish. They mask the affected area is slowed down along a disease process and alert you to relapse.
Severe requires a local treatment with the use of ointments, solutions and creams. As a measure, recommended the reception of pharmaceutical products and vitamin formulations that contain calcium, zinc, potassium, silicon. When aggravation of the process of them it is better to give up.
The treatment of psoriasis of the scalp
- An important part of the treatment of psoriasis in the head is the intake of vitamins and of the group Of drugs with the calcium, and nicotine, the acid, the use of ascorbic acid, and folic acid.
- The most efficient way is the application of cortikostEroidtion of drugs.
- A good effect can be achieved using salicylic acid ointment.
- As auxiliary means, it is recommended to wet the fibrous part ontvary of herbs with an anti-inflammatory action: Chistonteating, chamomile or sage.
The treatment of psoriasis on the face
Many patients try to hide the traces of defeat with the help of cosmetics, however, this is not possible. With the constant contact with air and light exposed to the solar light plate heal much faster.
- The necessary condition for the treatment of psoriasis on your face is skin care, you should only use means that are designed for sensitive skin.
- It is forbidden to dry with face towel – this results in mechanical damage to the plates and to stimulate its growth.
- In the winter you need to use some hydration treatment.
The therapy when you are prompted to psoriasis on the face lies in the following measures:
- local treatment, with the use of ointments, creams, lotions;
- in physiotherapy;
- compliance with this diet;
- reception of vitamins.
The treatment of psoriasis folk media
Traditional medicine offers many proven ways to get rid of psoriasis.
In the bath of warm water to dissolve a packet of salt, put in it the patient for 15 minutes. Moisten also the scalp. After leaving the bathroom the person should onбсыхаtü yourself, without cleaning. Before you prepare the onion mush and rub it on the head and in the body of the patient, leave about a quarter of an hour, with a cloth remove the excess of vehicles and to put the patient in the bed. In the morning have to make a broth Chistonteating, coctum 300 grams of herb in a bucket of water, and onбмыtü them to the body. The next morning, the lava takes a neutral soap and a weak solution of manganese. Repeat the procedure 7 times.
Prepare a tincture with a basis of two tablespoons of перемonлontonгon chicory and cups of boiling water. After cooling, the liquid to wet it cleans cloth cloth natural and by applying the houses defeat.
An original way to treat psoriasis ticonname хвonсtthe ICA reveals to be highly effective. Ponytails should bake in the oven cabinet before you turn into ashes. The lubrication plate of the juice of garlic and sprinkle the pumpkin with ash. The method is pretty nasty, but efficient.
Two eggs beat well with a tablespoon of sunflower oil, add about half tablespoon of acetic acid, pour the mixture in a glass jar in the dark. At night, use for the lubrication of affected areas. This ointment is particularly effective in the early stages of the pathology.