Psoriasis (flake ringworm) in the world today has become a big problem for humanity. Due to its external manifestation, this disease continues to cause mistrust on the part of healthy people, and imposes a strong impression about the nature and desire of your communication with the patients of psoriasis. Uninformed people may be easily confused with psoriasis an infectious disease of the skin and stay with you for fear of becoming infected. Psoriasis is not an infection, but represents a dermatosis — disease non-communicable nature. The manifestation of such dermatosesa is found in the form of appearance of the rash and peeling in the form of plates of different sizes. The age and sex of a person and does not affect the development of psoriasis: the disease can be the person from birth, and can appear suddenly. Higher percentage of getting sick at a young age. Only 4% of the world's population suffer with this disease. Psoriasis in Russia, in percentage terms ranging from 0.72% to 11.8% (depends on location).
The treatment of psoriasis deals with a dermatologist. When you suspect psoriasis, necessarily, contact-the specialist: he will diagnose and it may be necessary to biopsy the skin), determines the form of the disease and treat the treatment.
The causes of psoriasis
Psoriasis involves the violation of the cycle of division and maturation of skin cells. When the disease ipse atri extinction of the upper layers of the skin is faster than the normal. There are some views of health professionals about the cause of the development of psoriasis, and the research on this issue is still ongoing. Some highlight two types of the disease: the first is related to deficiencies in immune processes, which are transmitted by inheritance, and is more common with age, and the second type is not related with the inheritance, and does not affect the skin, such as the first, and the nails and joints and is common in people of a mature age.
Other researchers tend to believe that the basis for the development of psoriasis lie diseases of the immune system, triggered by other diseases, stress, inadequate for the weather, and even the feed power.
Sure, you can say that psoriasis is a disease of non-communicable nature. Today it is considered an autoimmune disease hereditary mnogofaktorialnym of the disease.
The symptoms of psoriasis
The symptoms of psoriasis bright and visible: it is the inflammation of the skin, in the form of itchy and peeling-red spots (papules). Papules (dry patches, growing on the general level of cover) are fused and form the dental plaque. In Papularum occurs excess angiogenesis — formed excess hair. For psoriasis is typical of rapid cell division of the skin, which does not allow them to have time to mature and violates the intercellular interaction. The immune system in response to these processes frees up the cell's protective body, which ends up acting against its own cells. In conclusion, it is formed chronic the inflammatory process and the education psoriatic scales. When the exfoliation papules can detect most dense dermal base, stearin stains and blood, dew, that also relate to highlight for psoriasis. Local distribution of such patches and more fibrous areas of the scalp, local skin folds and extensor (knees, elbows, the region of the armpits, the lower areas of the back, under milk by the glands in your genitals), nails and joints.
Psoriasis is divided into three types according to seasonal exacerbations: winter (the most common), the summer and the undefined.
Psoriatic patches can have different contours and sizes (in the period of exacerbation may reach the square, which is comparable with the palm, and possibly more). The greatest torment patients brings itching, accompanying the precipitation. In cases of advanced psoriasis can observe the phenomenon Kebnera, which is expressed in plaque formation at sites of injury to the skin. In the area of the plates may develop pus, and receive the crack. When psoriasis affects the nail plate, we can observe the deepening and stains on the nails, the adapter itself can become thicker and begin to crumble. The symptoms of the winter of psoriasis subside in the summer. In years of psoriasis, and vice-versa, under the influence of the solar rays increases. Progress psoriasis starts gradually, and usually under the action causing injury, disorders of diet, after infectious diseases, stress, allergies to medications, pregnancy, and other abrupt changes in family life of an organism.
Phase of psoriasis
In the development of psoriasis, there are three stages:
- progressive (characterized by the appearance of new stretches of a large number of small papules);
- hospitalization (characterized by a lack of appearance of new eruptions and in education already dead areas of silver-white scales);
- retrogressive (characterized by gradual resorption of the plates, with the normalization of the color of the skin and the decrease of the shell).
How it is transmitted psoriasis is contagious and if it?
In our article already mentioned on non-communicable nature of psoriasis. This means that psoriasis is not contagious, and we should not fear the contact and communication with the people he has. Psoriasis has no way of transmission through kissing or through sexual contact, not through blood. Lack also contact plyfit-equipment of transmission of the disease, may, therefore, without fear of take care of psoriasis patients, and enjoy common. Even when you tap directly on infected areas of skin infection does not occur. All of this, we can conclude that the man, sick of psoriasis, it is not dangerous to healthy people, and that this disease should not have any influence on the attitude of the society.
Transfer of psoriasis affects the heredity — this disease is transmitted from parents to children. If you have psoriasis, a father, a percentage of probability of psoriasis, the child is up to 30%, and, in the case of illness of both parents — 75%. From this it follows, that the disease may not manifest itself in the child, even if both parents psoriasis patients. But do not forget that the psoriasis is not up to the end studied the disease today. One way or another, the children who are born patients, psoriasis patients more frequently than those born of parents healthy. In addition to the hereditary factor, the cause of development of psoriasis can look for violations of exchange processes — enzyme, lipids, metabolism of amino acids and the presence of viruses and infections.
Where is manifest the psoriasis?
Preferred of psoriasis is considered to be the area flexor and extensor, joints, nails, hair part of the head, the palms of the hands, feet and face. Let's examine more, where and how it manifests itself psoriasis.
Psoriasis of the nails. It is a disease well-researched, but diagnose it is an easy task, especially when there is a fungal diseases. Psoriasis of the nails can be the disease itself, and the consequence of psoriasis vulgaris. The main symptoms of nail bed psoriasis is generally accepted to-change color plates (that look grey or yellow tones), transverse ridging, thickening of the skin around the nail. Special signs of nail bed psoriasis is a symptom of thimbles (education of the concavities in the nail plate), bruising under the nails of the hands and trahionihiya (deformation and flattening of the nail, the emergence of edges and darkens the board). The treatment of nail bed psoriasis requires constant care with the nails, with the exception of any nail injury and nail. To get a good result and the lack of remission will need to include activities of care with the nails in your daily routine.
Psoriasis flexor and extensor. For psoriasis of the skin in the area flexor and extensor characterized by the appearance of redness in the area of natural skin folds (elbows and knee folds, axillary, depression, the groin, the genitals and mammary glands). A characteristic of this type of psoriasis is the lack of bark, but may occur pain in the region of eruptions. The causes of this pathology serves as a strong perspiration, especially in combination with fungal infections. Particularly, many times psoriasis on the hands and feet occurs in the spring and in the autumn.
Psoriasis of the scalp. Psoriasis on the head is the disease itself, but can be combined with another type of psoriasis. The first symptom of a state is a strong itching in the occipital region. By pruritus (itching), followed by an eruption, and as a common good, and the only rashes. The eruptions appear not only on the scalp, but also in the areas of the skin. The skin behind the ears, it becomes damp and can be absorbed into the cracks. Psoriasis follicle scalp is successfully treated, but requires time.
Psoriasis on the face. On the face psoriasis is not found often. It has the typical signs of forms of skin psoriasis. After papules on the face may become scars. Psoriasis may act in the face because of a hereditary predisposition, long depression, reduction of total immunity and injury.
The psoriasis vulgaris. It is the most common form of psoriasis. Signs of psoriasis vulgaris are considered to be small eruptions of skin, covered with silvery scales, which are located generally symmetrical and along with scratches or cuts.
The guttate psoriasis of the skin. As the name suggests, for in this way are characteristic of precipitation in the form of drops. The rainfall are of a high location above the level of the skin and fragmentation. In most cases, the guttate psoriasis is observed in girls after the staph infection.
Pustular (exudative) psoriasis. The precipitation in this form of psoriasis are similar to bubbles of small size with serous not infected to the liquid inside. The blisters itch, but when you brush a high risk of infection. Pustular psoriasis is difficult to treat, so not worth taking.
The psoriatic arthritis. This form can affect not only the small joints, but the spine. As symptoms acts joint swelling, inflammation and limited joint mobility, the deformation of the joints, which can lead to a failure.
The treatment of psoriasis
In forums and in life people often ask about how you can cure psoriasis and you can get rid of it forever, in any kind of limits fluctuate the prices for the treatment of psoriasis and where they are treated? In Moscow, the treatment of psoriasis, a special attention: there is the institute and health centers that specialize on the problem. The tool of psoriasis can be purchased in pharmacies, hospitals, municipal, or online, but before you need to know the fate of their physician cure for psoriasis, and to a method of treatment is chosen not for himself, but only a dermatologist). We will see more about how to treat and cure psoriasis.
Now are developed new methods of treatment and medicines against psoriasis, so that, in the future, this disease may become fully curable. At the moment, the therapy of psoriasis as a goal the elimination of the inflammatory process and the normalization differentsovki epithelial cells. The treatment of the disease builds a dermatologist, based on the vastness of outbreaks of skin lesions, disease, age, gender, portability of medicines and the current availability of diseases. In the treatment of psoriasis use the tools to the local and systemic therapy. To the outside the therapy applying ointments, creams, and lotions. In the period of progressive disease and prescribe salicylic acid or hormonal ointments. As part of the systemic therapy use aromatic retinoids, Cyclosporine, Methotrexate, and NSAIDS. Have been applied with success in the treatment of psoriasis such methods, such as photochemotherapy (PUVA), selective phototherapy, and the climatoterapia. At an early stage of the disease they treat basically of the tools. Methods of cryotherapy, Plasmapheresis, and ultraviolet light are used by doctors when the more severe forms of psoriasis.
The diet when psoriasis
Following a diet when the psoriasis is of great importance in the effectiveness of a common treatment. In the body of the patient should make the food, to normalize the level of acidity, not causing the weakening of the immune system. Let us look at the most, what products you can consume in psoriasis, and that it's not worth. A teaspoon of honey per day to enrich the body with essential vitamins. Fruits and vegetables may help to unclog the body, and fish oil is an excellent source of vitamins of group In. an Excellent choice for breakfast or dinner will be pumpkin porridge, rich in minerals and vitamins. The olive oil is the only oil, recommended for psoriasis patients. The obligation of food products when psoriasis must become a fish of fatty acids of varieties, which strengthens, revitalizes the skin and eliminates the irritation.
Folk remedies of psoriasis
In the treatment of psoriasis standout received the folk remedies, but also for them it is worth to appeal only with the permission of the doctor. Traditional medicine offers for the treatment of psoriasis, a variety of recipes for pets, ointments, tinctures and only useful recipes. It is particularly effective in popular medicine in the initial phases of psoriasis.
Juice of celandine — one of the most popular remedies for psoriasis. Therapy juice of celandine carried out in the period of summer the beginning of the flowering of plants. For application in damaged areas of the skin is used fresh juice of celandine. To get the best result this procedure should last every day, three summers in a row. From the root, celandine, you can prepare a tincture: 4 tablespoons of celandine in 0.5 l of alcohol. A mixture of infused few hours, after that you can rub it.
Ointment are also from 2 eggs beats with the cooking oil, with the addition of vinegar — good help at the beginning of the disease. In periods of exacerbations of psoriasis will help bath shells of nuts. To prepare a bath, you will need half a kilo of nuts. Their shells, you should pour boiling water, drain and add in your bathroom.
When psoriasis apply the infusion of agrimony, ointment root meadowsweet, the juice of strawberries and kalina, and even from the scales of fish. It is worth to pay attention to the monastery of the cup of tea of psoriasis. It helps to treat psoriasis in the house. Clinical studies have indeed confirmed the medicinal properties of the drink. The basis of tea lie medicinal herbs. The tea of psoriasis you can prepare at home: 1 teaspoon of tea pour a glass of boiled water and insist 10 minutes. Consume up food for 3 weeks.