An important role in the fight against the symptoms of psoriasis play with competence in selected outdoor therapy and in a timely manner began the treatment. A key principle in the choice of the treatment scheme, especially in the early stages of development of psoriasis, is the principle of "do no harm" — the treatment should not cause a negative impact on the health of the skin, causing the occurrence of undesirable effects such as atrophy of the skin or of a withdrawal syndrome. After all, the main goal of therapy — to extend the periods of peace and the health of the skin without sudden and painful recurrence and exacerbation.
How long have people know about psoriasis?
With psoriasis, the humanity family over the centuries. Traces of lesions of skin psoriatic archaeologists found in the mummified bodies of ancient peoples who survived until our days. The description is very similar to psoriasis a skin rash you can find in the writings of Herodotus and Plato.
The first description of the clinical manifestations of psoriasis belongs to the old scientist Cornelius. The term psoriasis – psoriasis – comes from the Greek "psora" (scab, crust). This name is found in the writings of Hippocrates.
However, the scientific research of psoriasis, such as the self-disease, only started at the beginning of the nineteenth century, with the description of their clinical symptoms by doctor Robert. In 1798, he took away his leprosy, lichen, eczema, and then in his book "Skin diseases" in 1808, he highlighted the typical and atypical for psoriasis, and also stressed the role of genetic factors in the development of dermatoses.
So, what is known today about the basics of genetic disease? How does this affect the period of external factors such as stress, environment, habits, food?
The relationship of psoriasis and the nervous system, is very complex, more akin to a virtuous circle, and has the nature of the bipolar model. On the one hand, the stress and the long-overvoltage fault lead to exacerbation of the process, and the other, the very condition of the skin (the presence of psoriatic rash), causes that the patient has anxiety, it leads to the development of chronic stress, which, in turn, aggravates the disease and then closes the vicious circle.
Some remedies in the treatment of other diseases, in some cases, can deteriorate during the psoriasis. Among them, one can notice antibiotics (tetracycline, penicillin, bicillin, . and t. d.), preparations of lithium, vitamin C and the B group vitamins, beta-blockers, anti-inflammatory agents non-estrogenic of contraception, drug use, antиконвульсants, immunomodulators. Can cause the aggravation of the process and the vaccine and serum.
The environment, the profile of food, bad habits, – all this is a negative impact, both in the period of psoriasis and treatment.
What is the prevalence of psoriasis in countries?
The prevalence of psoriasis in the world is estimated at about 1-3% of the population. According to information of the international organization, in 2010, the planet was recorded to 125 million psoriasis patients. In Europe they suffer up to 5 million people, which compares with a frequency of ischemic heart disease and diabetes.
Higher in the northern countries of Europe (up 4%), the lowest in the african and several Latin american countries, in Japan (less than 0.5%).
Now how to diagnose psoriasis? What diseases can you confused?
Psoriasis is gentle to the skin manifests itself very typical rash and diagnosis exposed clinically. There are diagnosis of the sample: psoriatnical triad – gain shell when poskablivanii, the emergence of blood cells after the removal of scales.
How they were treated psoriasis before, and how to treat it now? Became the treatment more perfect and effective?
Until the middle of the last century, the main methods have included the use of medications with salicylic acid and helium, thalassotherapy. Then appeared tepicheskie steroids (later — analogs of vitamin D3), and the system of immunosuppressant medications chronic. But the breakthrough in the therapy of psoriasis may be considered the emergence in the early 21st century organic products. And, certainly, the arsenal tepicheskih and the system of medicines, methods of phototherapy now allow you to get an effective therapy for each patient.
What approaches are applied for the treatment of children, and adults?
First of all, psoriasis separate in the limited and common (heavy and medium-heavy form). The therapy must be assigned, taking into account these data.
The difference of approaches to the treatment of adults and children only due to age restrictions on the use of medicines (for example Calciotriol is assigned with 6 years of age), or methods of phototherapy (for example: PUVA therapy is assigned with 18 years of age).
What are the common myths about the disease?
- Psoriasis is contagious. No, psoriasis – a chronic non-communicable diseases a skin disease that is not transmitted from person to person and does not migrate from one part of the body to another. The patient who suffers from psoriasis, you may freely visit the public space – baths, saunas, swimming pools, to enjoy the common home, to spend treatment of common diseases in hospitals.
- The climate affects the incidence and move to warm countries psoriasis will not be. No, the climate on the prevalence of psoriasis is not affected. At the same time, a method for the treatment special therapy – treatment of the sun and the water of the sea, however, the stay in the regions with the most warm maritime climate does not do away with of patients with exacerbations. A simple example is that of Israel: there with the success of healing psoriasis in the resorts of the Dead sea, but the incidence among the population, at least in the world.
- Psoriasis can warn. Factors that cause the aggravation, nor by itself, or in different combinations are not the cause of the disease. Unknown today, which serves euros to stimulate the development of psoriasis, and, therefore, to take preventive measures is not possible. There are recipes that you should make, or, on the contrary, that one should not do to not get sick of psoriasis, no. Increase the period of remission, when skin rashes are missing, you can preventing the action of stimulants or that could affect the term of psoriasis factors, directing a proper mode of life, and applying therapy support.
- Psoriasis can be treated by methods of the call folk medicine. The attitude of methods of patients should be extremely careful. On the one hand, we know that there is no from of psoriasis is the tool that the healing, but the desire to do is to get rid of the disease pushes patients in different bad actions (speech to the trustees, healers), and it is in vain spent money. On the other hand, the "healers" offer the patients such as, for example, the exterior of the money "their own development", in which, generally, are present hormones, but in this case, the mode and its dosage cannot be controlled.
What is important to know the patient with psoriasis, and about what needs to be remembered?
The main can be considered the principle: "learn to live with psoriasis". The current methods of therapy, not only to achieve remission (clearance of the skin), but also, to a certain extent, control the psoriasis (a long remission).
You should follow the recommendations of your doctor and have patience, because everything takes time, even for the medicines to act. Unfinished course, the use of multiple methods simultaneously (in particular, from the series "advised"), resulting in the fact that the patient, not seeing a good result, gives up and believes that these methods will not help.