Can form only a few small plates, which does not delay the growth of hair. The disease can develop at any age, and most often transmitted by inheritance.
If a person has psoriasis on his head, this does not mean that it will drop the hair. The title of the education cannot harm the hair, as well as the roots of the hair are much more cards. The scales of psoriasis are separated from each other. The skin between them healthy and is not subjected to a shock. They contain a large amount of the sebum, they form the heightening and well palpation on the head.
There are different stages in the development of psoriasis of the scalp:
- Progressing – at this stage, there are new education, and the label distributed in the periphery, beyond the leather of the scalp.
- Fixed — in this phase the already existing education does not disappear, and the new ones are not formed.
- Countdown – in the current phase of education on the head fade with time, instead of plates are formed no color stains.
The causes of psoriasis in head
Psoriasis occurs due to a violation of metabolic processes in the skin. Many experts believe that this is a multifactorial disease, therefore, reasons for the development of psoriasis in the head of many: a violation of metabolic processes, endocrine diseases, failure of the immune system, the formation of a oven of inflammation in the body, infectious diseases, a failure in the hormonal system, lesions of the scalp, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, regulate stress and mental disorders, a hereditary factor.
When the psoriasis the wrong body reacts to external stimuli, therefore, occurs by an increase in cell division and the rapid expansion of the top layer of the scalp. The body's immune system perceives its own cells as foreign. The Normal duration of the cycle of cell division, and the update is 25 days. When the psoriasis, the process is accelerating, and the length of the cycle is 5 days.
For this reason, the cells older do not have time to fall, new to accumulate with age, are formed by areas of inflammation, heightening, pink-white nodules, covered with large epithelial cells. With time, they fuse together and form large red spots. Education in the scalp does not affect the growth of hair and do not contribute to its loss. However, the injury arise new sources of injury.
The symptoms of psoriasis on the head
More often than when the psoriasis are surprised with such areas of the scalp:
- the lobes of the ears, the skin behind the ears and about them;
- separation side;
- occipital, the back of the neck and the forehead.
The symptoms of psoriasis on the head depend on the form and stage of the disease and manifest in different degrees. In the initial phase occurs a small peeling of the skin in selected areas. More often the psoriasis occurs on the back of the head. Then, the skin flaking stronger and occurs a small irritation and itching. With time, the itch becomes strong and the patient is brushing the skin before the occurrence of cracking and bleeding. Can form sores and abrasions in the skin.
In the next phase, psoriasis are formed by great slabs of red color and bumps. The skin becomes dry and inelastic, compact and easily breakable. The platelet actively peel the skin, which results in the formation of gray scales, which may cover almost all of the skin under the hair. If the patient is not treated, the psoriasis spreads quickly outside of their zone of growth of the hair and the rest of the head.
In children occurs redness of the scalp and diaper rash. Are formed of platelets, which are difficult to treat. A strong itching, inflammation and pain. In some cases, the psoriasis can affect the shell of the ears, but most suffer from the skin behind the ears and about them.
The treatment of psoriasis in the head
The treatment of psoriasis of the scalp occurs in a comprehensive manner and includes a variety of tools for indoor and outdoor use. During the treatment and after the need to adhere to a strict diet, to which the disease has not collapsed. The patient are assigned sedatives to relieve the stress, vitamins E, B1, B6, B12, for the recovery processes of the skin, improving immunity. Widely used calcium supplements folic, nicotine acid, ATP, and other modeling of drugs for the immune system. For outdoor use prescribed 1-2% salicylic acid ointment. It is useful to take a shower and rinse the scalp with water, with the addition of mixtures of herbs are tea of sage, chamomile, celandine, classes.
For the treatment of psoriasis in head medications are used that contain corticosteroid hormones. They are very efficient and help you get the quick result but have many side effects, therefore, are assigned to the heavy phases of psoriasis. When the severe form of psoriasis it is recommended to do a short hair cut, as well as many times to apply ointments and creams, and washing the head every day. Need to avoid complex hairstyles, stakes and less pull hair elastics, hooks. It is not recommended to use pins sharp, invisible, hair curlers, ploek, because they can damage the skin. The hair can dry a hair dryer on save so as to not dry out the scalp.
An effective drug for the treatment of scalp psoriasis is a special solution. It is a solution, which is applied on the skin. At the beginning of a therapy of leather is treated with a solution of 2 times a day: morning and evening. After slowing plaque formation of mortar can be applied 1 time per day and, subsequently, reduce the procedure up to 3-4 times per week. Also it is necessary to ointments, shower gels and shampoos on the basis of tar, zinc for the scalp and hair. They eliminate the inflammation, pain symptoms, promote relaxation and nourishment of the skin.
How to treat psoriasis in the head in other ways: the ultraviolet radiation, PUVA therapy, hydrotherapy, laser irradiation, hemosorption, plasmapheresis. Effective are considered mud and manganese of the bath, treatment, and prevention resorts in Black-and-Killed-and the seas.
The treatment of psoriasis in head folk media
When psoriasis in the head and proved to the treatment popular ways. It includes the broth and herbal infusions, the treatment of the scalp with oils, masks for the head on the base of the plants and oils, shampoos and herbal remedies, tar. The most effective home remedies for psoriasis on the head:
- The most effective when psoriasis is considered to be celandine. It has disinfectant, cauterizing action, relieves the pain of symptoms, contribute to wound healing and remove inflammation. Decoction celandine is used for bathing, washing the head, the juice of celandine produce dye and dampen psoriatic arthritis plate.
- Alcohol extract of classes promotes the healing of psoriasis of the scalp. He needs to take 3 times a day for 20 drops.
- Divorced mustard is a good tool when the psoriasis. You will need dry mustard – 2 St. l., hot water – 2 St. l. olive oil or any cosmetic - 2 St. l., 1 egg yolk, sugar, 2 h. l. Everything carefully and apply on the scalp. Leave for 15 to 20 minutes, head to of market access, focusingleh. The mask can waves, but this is normal. Then, rinse your head with warm water.
- To the scalp, effectively applying the mask of clay and sea salt. Mix the clay with the salt and add a little water to form a porridge. Apply on the scalp for 15 minutes, then rinse well with warm water.
- In the treatment of psoriasis of the scalp is used porridge bow and arrow. It stimulates hair growth, relieves inflammation and itching.
Effective home of the middle when psoriasis head is the compress of oils. After the mask needs to wash the head medicinal to wash. To compress need to heat the mixture of vegetable oils, peanuts, and olive oil. Light movements to apply the oil on the scalp, massage in and put a shower cap, you can wrap with a towel. The procedure best to do in the night, in the morning, washing the head.
The treatment of psoriasis in the head in the home includes several recommendations for the care of the hair. When washing and drying, the hair need to be careful, not to damage the plate. Need to switch the normal and the therapeutic shampoo to recover more quickly the balance of the scalp. When dry the hair dryer your need to maintain a distance of 30 cm from the head and of the beak, and the tips it is best not to use. During the treatment, it is best not to use tweezers and crimper of hair, as well as can fall the hair. The head has to wash the skin behind the ears.
You should keep healthy foods, and exclude harmful products. Exclude fatty, fried, salted, smoked, salted, sweet, spicy, canned food, fruits and vegetables of red color. They can cause allergic reactions and reinforce the process of inflammation.